Education

 Cannabis 101: Something for every adult

Due to the illicit past of Cannabis, accurate information is only now starting to reach the masses. It’s important to continue conversations about Cannabis, its effects, various forms, usage and regulations.

THC vs CBD

Although there are many cannabinoids within the cannabis plant, the two most popular and widely known are THC strains (delta9 Tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD strains (Cannabidiol). While both compounds interact with your body’s endocannabinoid system, they have very different effects.

THC strains are the main psychoactive compound and is largely responsible for increased euphoria or “high” feeling. It can be consumed by smoking or vaping cured (dried) cannabis, ingesting oils, tinctures edibles and much more.

CBD strains are the non-psychoactive compound and will not produce the same high feeling. It is largely consumed in oils, capsules, gummies and many high CBD low THC strains of cannabis are now widely available as a smoking or vaping option.

Indica vs Sativa vs Hybrid

Indica

Typically associated with a full body high, can be deeply relaxing and even sedative.

Sativa

Known for a more cerebral “head-high’ energizing and invigorating effect that can increase creativity, reduce stress and anxiety.

Hybrid

Cultivators cross breed different strains of cannabis to create a new strain. The effects will vary depending on if the strain is dominant in indica or sativa.

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are the compounds which give cannabis its scent and flavour attributes. They can also play a role in the overall effect of cannabis strains. The most common terpenes in cannabis are myrcene, limonene, pinene, linalool and beta-caryophyllene.

Common side effects

While neither THC strains or CBD strains have any serious long term side effects, and neither are fatal when taken correctly. THC also has very little addictive qualities when used recreationally.

CBD is generally well tolerated with minimal side effects or pharmaceutical interaction.

THC strains temporary side effects may include:

  • Slowed reaction time
  • Inhibited coordination
  • Dry mouth
  • Red eyes
  • Increased heart rate
  • Memory loss

Teens may experience adverse psychiatric effects due to cannabis which is why its important to keep your cannabis products in lockable storage if there are minors around.

Concentrates

Using different extraction methods producers are able to create a variety of different concentrates such as rosin, waxes, sauces and more. These are typically vaporized using a ‘Dab rig’ essentially a specialized bong that is heated with a torch and small amounts of concentrate is dabbed onto the hot surface resulting in a very potent vapour cloud, not for new users

Consumption methods

While smoking cannabis (either in a rolled joint, a pipe or a bong) continues to be one of the most popular and easy consumption method, creativity and innovation have brought us many new and exciting ways to consume.

Smoking/Inhalation:

  • Joints come either as a pre rolled joint or loose flower that you roll yourself a joint  are a classic method.
  • Pipes are another commonly used method.
  • Water pipes or Bongs are also very popular, utilizing water to produce a cooler smoother smoke.
  • Dry herb Vaping is a harm reduction method for inhalation and heat the cannabis just to the point of releasing THC vapour but not combusting the cannabis. This results in a very smooth easy to inhale vapour.
  • Oils and Capsules are a great alternative for those seeking a non-smoking option.
  • Edibles is the common term referring to infused chocolates, gummies, hard candies and even beverages. Currently the government regulates all edibles to a maximum of 10mg THC per package.
  • Vape Pens are an easy option available for those looking for more discreet inhalation methods.

Edibles

Edibles are food and beverage products infused with cannabis extract. Common edibles include chocolates, cookies, gummies, candies and beverages such as teas and sodas. The Canadian Government currently regulates the amount of THC to a maximum of 10 mg per package. Because the effects of edible take a lot longer than with inhalation patience is key when ingesting. When trying a new brand or using edibles for the first time it is recommended to start low and go slow, allow for 1-1.5hrs for the effects to be felt.

Rolling Tips

Rolling your own joints can be helpful skill to master, here’s some tips to help.

Start with a quality grinder, you don’t want to turn your flower into powder, you want a nice medium grind.

Using rolling papers of your choice you can take this time to create a filter by rolling up some card or using a pre-formed tip.

Place the filter at one end and put some ground cannabis (0.5g works well) along the centre of the paper.

Using your thumbs start rubbing the edges of the paper together until you have created a ‘cigarette’ shape, tuck the on side of the paper in and light moisten the glue strip, patting down lightly to secure. Twist the open end and you are ready to smoke!

Storage

Now that you have found your perfect strain, you need to store it properly.

Cannabis should be stored away from light, heat, cold and humidity. You can use glass jars kept in a cool, dark place. There are lots of different humidity control packets, such as Boveda packs, that offer two-way moisture control to keep your buds nice and fresh. Lockable storage is also an important factor to consider if you have minors in the house.